Until recently, I have managed to kill every houseplant I have ever owned. Houseplants are a joy to have in your home, but you have to choose a plant that is going to thrive in the environment that you have for it. You also have to pick a plant that is not going to be overwhelming in the care it requires if you are just starting to learn about keeping plants. So I have compiled a list of houseplants that are extremely resilient so that you can start having these beauties in your home to give you comfort and enjoyment. I have also separated them based on whether or not they are toxic for pets, however, I do have several of the toxic ones and I just make sure that they are out of reach for my pets.
Houseplants toxic to Cats and Dogs:
1.) Africa Spear Plant –
Plant soiless or in cactus mix. Water thoroughly, then allow the potting mix to dry out before watering again. Don’t water the center of the rosette because the leaves will easily rot. Water the soil, taking care not to get water on the leaves, which will cause them to rot. If the leaves turn yellow, or get soft and mushy at their base, the plant is overwatered. Propagate Snake Plant by separating the “pups” (offsets) that grow at the base of the parent plant. Dividing them is easy. Turn the pot on its side, then ease out the plant. Use a serrated knife to cut off the offsets and pot them up individually. Water thoroughly, then allow the potting mix to dry out before watering again. Don’t water the center of the rosette because the leaves will easily rot. Water the soil, taking care not to get water on the leaves, which will cause them to rot. If the leaves turn yellow, or get soft and mushy at their base, the plant is overwatered.
2.) Aloe Vera –
May be placed outdoors in the hot summer months, but must be brought indoors during the winter. Aloe Vera plants are mostly water, so even the slightest hint of frost will freeze the plant and turn it to mush. Wait until the soil is dry at least two inches below the surface, then water slowly and deeply until you see water coming through the drainage holes. Do not water the aloe again until the soil is dry at least two inches below the surface once more. May be placed outdoors in the hot summer months, but must be brought indoors during the winter. Aloe Vera plants are mostly water, so even the slightest hint of frost will freeze the plant and turn it to mush.
Spread pebbles or shells over the exposed dirt. This will help to hold in moisture and replicate the aloe’s natural environment. Choose any type of small pebbles, rocks or shells that you like. Press them lightly into the soil at the base of the plant.
Source: https://www.wikihow.com/Care-for-Your-Aloe-Vera-Plant (This is a great article to utilize if you are going to adopt an Aloe Vera, pictures included)
3.) Chinese Evergreen –
The level of care needed for this plant is quite moderate. The most important requirement is that they don’t reside in temperatures below 60ºF (15ºC). The good news is they can tolerate low lighting conditions, although I have seen it mentioned that it is only the all-green and not the variegated types that will tolerate low light. Keep moist at all times, water less in the winter. A peat based potting soil mixed with part perlite or sand to improve drainage is ideal or any other well draining potting mix. The level of care needed for this plant is quite moderate. The most important requirement is that they don’t reside in temperatures below 60ºF (15ºC). The good news is they can tolerate low lighting conditions, although I have seen it mentioned that it is only the all-green and not the variegated types that will tolerate low light. Keep moist at all times, water less in the winter.
4.) Fiddle leaf Fig –
Put the fiddle leaf fig where it will be in moderately bright light for at least six to eight hours every day. Rotate the fiddle leaf fig plant once every week or two so it will grow straight and won’t lean toward the sun. Don’t put fiddle leaf fig close to windows that get hot, afternoon sunlight. Allow the fiddle leaf fig plant to dry out between waterings. Water only when the top of the soil feels dry to the touch. Fertilize once a month.
5.) Jade Plant –
One of the most important things when you care for jade plants is to make sure that they are watered properly. Never let a jade plant dry out completely. But also, do not water a jade plant too often, as this can cause root rot. Don’t water your jade plant on a schedule. Rather, water your jade plant when the top of soil is just dry to the touch.
Another important aspect of the care and maintenance of jade plants is how much sun they receive. They need full sun in order to grow properly. If they do not have full sun, they may become stunted and leggy.
Read more at Gardening Know How: Growing Jade Houseplants – Tips For The Care And Maintenance Of Jade Plants https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/houseplants/jade-plant/jade-plant-care.htm
6.) Lucky Bamboo –
Water sparingly, Keep plant out of direct sunlight. May be planted in soil or in water with pebbles.
This article is perfect for explaining how to care for your Lucky Bamboo, and even shows you (pictures included) the best way to pick your plant at the store and how to replant it.
7.) Peace Lily –
- Keep the soil moist, but do not overwater. Peace lilies can tolerate short periods of dry soil, but their leaves will start to brown if neglected for too long.
- Peace lilies are sensitive to chemicals commonly found in tap water, such as fluoride, which may cause brown leaf tips. Use filtered, room-temperature water, if possible.
- Peace lilies enjoy high humidity. Misting their leaves or placing their pot atop a moistened tray of gravel can help to increase humidity.
Peace lilies are not heavy feeders, so fertilize only occasionally. To encourage spring and summer growth, fertilize every 6 weeks or so with a balanced houseplant fertilizer starting in late winter.
Peace lilies are a tropical plant, so keep them in temperatures above 60°F (16°C) and away from cold, drafty windows. They do best in temperatures upwards of 70°F (21°C).
Keep these plants out of direct afternoon sunlight, but in a well-lit area. An east-facing window is ideal, as they will be exposed to the warmth of the morning sun but avoid the intensity of mid-day rays.
8.) Pathos Vine-
- Grow pothos in a container that rests on a bookshelf or ledge, or in a hanging container so that it’s superior cascading habit can be appreciated. Can grow to about six to 10 feet over time.
- Because it helps clean the air of toxins, especially formaldehyde and benzene fumes, which are often found in recently painted or furnished rooms, pothos is perfect for offices and living rooms, and because it also helps remove carbon monoxide from the air, consider putting this plant in your bedroom to ensure enough oxygen while sleeping.
- Consider repotting your pothos if the roots have consumed the pot. Choose a container one size larger than what you are taking it out of and add fresh potting soil.
- Propagating pothos is also easy from cuttings. Simply place a cut stem that has a node on it in a glass of water and wait for it to root. Then plant in a small container.
- Varieties such as ‘Neon’, with chartreuse leaves will brighten a dark corner.
9.) Purple Shamrock –
Purple Shamrock is not overly fussy with its light requirements. The species with purple leaves will take less bright areas than its all green leaf cousins. However for a good looking plant you’re going to want an area which receives bright light, or even some sun for a few hours a day. Don’t overdo the sunshine though, too much sun will damage the leaves.
Ideally soak the soil and then allow the top inch or so to dry out before watering again. Although irregular and random watering is not a problem here, in fact the plant can often go months without adverse effects especially when it’s cooler. Misting once in a while is good for the leaves as well.
10.) ZZ Plant –
The zamioculcas zamiifolia grows fine with low levels of light, but it’s best to avoid direct sunlight. Watering: Allow the soil to become dry at the top to the touch between watering and do not over water. It’s best to water this plant less than too much because over-watering can cause stem and rhizome rot.
11.) Red Rubber Tree –
The Rubber Tree is a medium to a high light houseplant, but it will burn if it has too much exposure to direct sun. Don’t even try this plant in low light. Keep the water at a happy medium, not too wet and not too dry. Watering every 7 days is a good suggestion but it also depends on its growing conditions. This plant is restricted by the size of its planter so if you desire a bigger tree, plant in a bigger pot. Repotting every season is good for this tree too, it will appreciate the fresh soil.
12.) Snake Plant –
- Let the soil dry between waterings.
- During the winter, water only about once a month.
- Wipe leaves with a damp cloth as needed to remove dust.
- Snake plants are rapid growers and may need to be divided annually.
- Divide and repot in the spring. …
- If the plant is pot bound, it will flower occasionally.
Pet safe Houseplants:
1.) Air Plant (tellandsia verographica) –
In order to thrive, air plants need bright, indirect light. Rooms with southern or eastern facing windows make good candidates, because these spaces will be brightly illuminated with sun for most of the day.
Watering an air plant is the trickiest piece of the air plant care puzzle. Some people swear by misting, others by soaking, and still others use a combination of both misting and soaking in their air plant care regimen.
Listed below is the source, which is actually a very informative article that goes into great detail about how to care for your new air plant.
2.) Cast Iron Plant –
- Light: Semi-shade to bright, but will not tolerate direct sun.
- Water: Keep soil continuously moist throughout spring and summer, and reduce watering in the winter.
- Temperature: Thrives at temperatures from 60 F to 80 F. Does not like extreme cold.
- Soil: A well-drained potting mix.
- Fertilizer: Fertilize regularly during growing season with liquid fertilizer, or use controlled-release twice during growing season.
3.) Parlor Palm –
Mulch the soil regularly to help it preserve the moisture and let it be evenly moist. The parlor palm plants care don’t like bright sun much and hence, avoid it from noon sunlight and keep it under shade in summer. This plant is also very sensitive to hard water build up.
4.) Staghorn Fern –
This plant is picky, grow mounted or in a basket because this plant will typically grow as a tree, low to medium light and moderate moisture.
Read more at Gardening Know How: Staghorn Fern Information And Care: How To Grow A Staghorn Fern https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/foliage/staghorn-fern/staghorn-fern-information.htm
5.) Areca Palm –
One of the easiest palm trees to grow indoors. Water them often enough to keep the soil lightly moist in spring and summer, and allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings in fall and winter. Fertilize areca palm plants with a time-release fertilizer in spring. This gives the plant most of the nutrients it needs for the entire season. 5.) Areca Palm – One of the easiest palm trees to grow indoors.
Read More at Gardening Know How: Growing Areca Palm indoors https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/houseplants/areca-palm/growing-areca-palm-indoors.htm
6.) Boston Ferns –
Boston ferns need a cool place with high humidity and indirect light. Dry soil is the number one reason Boston Ferns die, so be sure to keep moist soil for it or even mist the leaves to help with humidity levels.
Read more at Gardening Know How: Information On Care For Boston Fern – Care Tips For A Boston Fern https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/houseplants/boston-fern/boston-fern-care.htm
7.) Echeveria –
The most important part of good Echeveria care is watering. The biggest issue with the succulents is overwatering. Provide moderate amounts of water in the hot, dry season. Let the soil dry out completely before you irrigate again.
8.) Spider plant –
Provide them with well-drained soil and bright, indirect light and they will flourish. Water them well but do not allow the plants to become too soggy, which can lead to root rot. In fact, spider plants prefer to dry out some between waterings.
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